Reviews of Geophysics, 34, 1-31, 1996|
David P. Stern, Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics
Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
Table of Contents
Clicking on any marked section on the list below brings up a
file containing it and all unmarked sections immediately
following it on the list. This list is repeated at the beginning of each file.
Clicking on any marked section on the list below brings up a file containing it and all unmarked sections immediately following it on the list. This list is repeated at the beginning of each file.
Back to "Exploration"
This is the second part of a concise history of observations of the Earth's magnetosphere and of their interpretation. It and the first part [Stern, 1989a, henceforth denoted BH-1] are meant to help trace the development of magnetospheric physics in a unified context and to outline its framework of observations and ideas. The early years, around 1957-64, are covered chronologically, after which the coverage is arranged by topics--convection, reconnection, aurora, Birkeland currents and substorms. At the end some overall trends are assessed, as well as the current state of the discipline. Readers who find this article too technical are referred to an exposition on the world-wide web by Stern and Peredo .
This brief account is based primarily on work published in English, which covers US efforts fairly completely but is unfortunately far less detailed on space research in the USSR and elsewhere. The first part (BH-1) covered earthbound studies of the magnetosphere before artificial satellites were available, and here the rest of the story is presented. The concluding section contains an assessment of overall trends as well as of the current state of the discipline.
This account is mainly based on published source, rather than on personal papers or interviews. It must therefore be viewed as a mere framework, in which many details remain to be filled.